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Mosta  Rotunda:

 

The Church of the Asssumption of Our Lady, commonly known as the Rotunda of Mosta or Rotunda of St. Marija Assunta (sometimes shortened tto the Mosta Dome), is a Roman Catholic Church in Mosta.  It is the third largest unsupported dome in the world.
 

Built in the 19 th century on the site of a previous church, it was designed by Maltese architect Giorgio Grognet de Vasse’.  It’s dome has an internal diameter of 37.2 metres.  The rotunda walls are nearly 9.1 metres thick.  The rotunda dome is the third-largest church dome in Europe and the ninth largest in the world.
 

Grongnet’s plans were based on the Panthen in Rome. Construction began in May 1833 and was completed in the 1860s.  The original church was left in place while the Rotunda was built around it, allowing the local people to have a place of worship while the new church was being built.  The church was officially consecrated on the 15 th October, 1871.
 

The Feast of the Assumption is held on Augusut 15 and it is a public holiday.  On 9 April 1942, the church was nearly destroyed during World War 2.  An Axis bomb pierced the dome of the church but failed to explode.  The detonator was removed and a replica is now displayed as a memorial.
 

Mosta residents at the time totalling not more than 1500, built the church.  It took them 27 years to complete but the result is a tourist attraction of world standard. Grognet chose the type of stone by insisting on having one slab from each quarry operating in the Islands.  He then proceeded to test their durability.  In the end he chose a quarry in Mosta near to Ta’ Vnezja, at the gate of an old military airfield.

The stone of the Rotunda bathes in the sun and spectacularly has taken a yellow / orange / red colour.

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